By D. W. Budworth and G. Arthur (Auth.)
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Ceramic Science
Silicon carbide, SiC, more popularly known as carborundum, an important abrasive material, adopts both the zincblende and wurtzite structures. It also adopts several other structures which are formed by stacking the same basic tetrahedral units in less regular ways. The wurtzite structure is adopted by ZnO, which would not be predicted on radius ratio grounds, as the Zn 2 + ion is more suited in size to octahedral sites. This ion, however, displays a marked preference for tetrahedral coordination by oxygen and may be considered to display appreciable covalency in the bond.
52 An Introduction to Ceramic Science body centre of the cell, with the oxygen ions forming an approximately regular octahedron round the centre titanium ion. Four oxygen ions at the corners of a rectangle are 1-88 x 10~ 10 m away from the centre titanium ion, while the other two are 1 · 97 x 10~ 10 m away. It can be seen that a similar octahedron of oxygen ions surrounds each of the other titanium ions. The oxygenoxygen distances are 2 · 89 x 10~ 10 m and 2-41 x 10" 1 0 m along the edges of the rectangle, and the outer pair are 2-72 x 10" 1 0 m away.
References for Further Reading ADDISON, W. , Structural Principles in Inorganic Compounds, London: Longmans, 1961. EVANS, R. C , An Introduction to Crystal Chemistry, Cambridge: The University Press, 2nd edition, 1964. , The Nature of the Chemical Bond, London: Oxford University Press, 3rd edition, 1960. WELLS, A. , The Third Dimension in Chemistry, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956. Structural Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 3rd edition, 1962. CHAPTER 3 THE STRUCTURES OF SOME CERAMIC CRYSTALS 1.