Download Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner PDF

By Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner

ISBN-10: 1118122356

ISBN-13: 9781118122358

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the innovative of study in chemical physics

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the chemical physics and actual chemistry fields with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each quarter of the self-discipline. packed with state of the art study said in a cohesive demeanour no longer chanced on in other places within the literature, every one quantity of the Advances in Chemical Physics sequence bargains contributions from the world over well known chemists and serves because the ideal complement to any complicated graduate classification dedicated to the learn of chemical physics.

This quantity explores:

  • keep an eye on of Quantum Phenomena (Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti, and Herschel Rabitz)

  • Crowded fees in Ion Channels (Bob Eisenberg)

  • Colloidal Crystallization among and 3 Dimensions (H. Lowen, E.C. Oguz, L. Assoud, and R. Messina)

  • Statistical Mechanics of beverages and Fluids in Curved area (Gilles Tarjus, FranCois Sausset, and Pascal Viot)

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Extra info for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148

Example text

The role of quantum coherence effects in control of retinal isomerization in bacteriorhodopsin is still not fully clear, as a recent experiment by Bucksbaum and coworkers [540] found no dependence of the isomerization yield on the control pulse shape in the weak-field regime. In the strong-field regime, they found that the yield of the 13-cis isomer is maximized by a transform-limited pulse, which could indicate that the yield depends only on the pulse intensity, with quantum coherence not playing a significant role.

Therefore, virtually all quantum control experiments so far have used observable control with objective functionals of the form (21) or (22). For example, in an AFC experiment [123], in which the goal was to maximize the degree of coherence, the expectation value of an observable representing the degree of quantum state localization was used as a coherence “surrogate,” instead of state purity or von Neumann entropy, which are nonlinear functions of the density matrix and hence would require state estimation.

For example, in an AFC experiment [123], in which the goal was to maximize the degree of coherence, the expectation value of an observable representing the degree of quantum state localization was used as a coherence “surrogate,” instead of state purity or von Neumann entropy, which are nonlinear functions of the density matrix and hence would require state estimation. Nevertheless, future laboratory applications of quantum control, in particular in the field of quantum information sciences, will require evolution-operator control and state control, with the use of objective functionals of the types (17) and (20), respectively, together with novel state and process estimation methods [232–241].

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