By Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders
In ABC... thinker and cultural analyst Ivan Illich and medieval student and literary critic Barry Sanders have produced an unique, meticulous and provocative learn of the appearance, unfold and current decline of literacy. They discover he effect of the alphabet on basic proposal approaches and attitudes, on reminiscence, on political groupings and religous and cultural expectancies. Their exam of the current erosion of literacy within the new technological languages of 'newspeak' and 'uniquack' and so they indicate how new attitudes to language are changing our global view our feel of self and of neighborhood.
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Additional info for ABC: The Alphabetizaton of the Popular Mind
46 In 1931, in this optimistic mood, Hirschfeld traveled through Japan. Then, based in Shanghai, he spent six weeks in China. In Shanghai he met Li Shiu Tong (Tao Li), a twenty-four-year-old medical student, who would accompany Hirschfeld, as his student and companion, on the further journey via the Philippines and Indonesia to Singapore, Ceylon, India, Egypt, and Palestine, and back to Europe. Hirschfeld noted at the beginning of October 1931 in Patna, India: One of the greatest yields of my journey has been Tao Li, a well-bred young Chinese who has accompanied me for the last five months.
Later, he put findings from hormone research (endocrinology) in the foreground. Because of particular hormone glands that functioned in a certain way and not in another, a person became homosexual or heterosexual, or perhaps something else entirely. The strategic goal of the arguments was always to prove “naturalness,” which for Hirschfeld meant also the logical conclusion that penal sanctions were absurd. Benedict Friedlaender (1866–1908), one of the intellectual members of the committee, described strategic differences that existed among the group: “We believe .
When a proposed reform of the penal code that would also have criminalized homosexual acts between women became public in 1911, the committee began cooperating intensively with the radical wing of the German women’s movement. Hirschfeld had previously had contact with Helene Stöcker (1869–1943), the leader of the Bund für Mutterschutz und Sexualreform (League for the Protection of Mothers and Sexual Reform). Now this contact was intensified and eventually deepened into a lifelong friendship. During the First World War, the committee had to restrict sending care packages to their members at the front lines.