Download A Family Venture: Men and Women on the Southern Frontier by Joan E. Cashin PDF

By Joan E. Cashin

ISBN-10: 0195053443

ISBN-13: 9780195053449

This ebook is set different ways in which women and men skilled migration from the Southern seaboard to the antebellum Southern frontier. established upon broad learn in planter kin papers, Cashin stories how the sexes went to the frontier with diverging agendas: males attempted to flee the kin, whereas ladies attempted to maintain it. at the frontier, males frequently settled faraway from family, leaving girls lonely and disoriented in a wierd atmosphere. As kinship networks broke down, intercourse roles replaced, and relatives among women and men turned extra inequitable. Migration additionally replaced race relatives, simply because many males deserted paternalistic race kinfolk and abused their slaves. in spite of the fact that, many girls persevered to perform paternalism, and some even sympathized with slaves as they by no means had ahead of. Drawing on wealthy archival resources, Cashin examines the choice of households emigrate, the consequences of migration on planter relatives existence, and how previous ties have been maintained and new ones shaped.

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The youth of many planter brides must have made this separation even more difficult, since the average age at first marriage was twenty and some brides were teenagers. 46 Unlike their male kinfolk, young women in their teens and twenties did not pass through a phase of semidependency. They did not travel at will, transact business, or engage in anything like the multitude of activities in which their brothers engaged. 26 A Family Venture Women were truly dependent, living under the control of their parents with no prospect of acquiring the autonomy that awaited their brothers when they established households of their own.

7 The Migration Decision 35 Planters' sons wished to break free of dependency because it seemed uncomfortably similar to the condition of white women, white children, and slaves. " William M. Ambler, a son of John J. " Slaves, even more than white women or children, provided daily examples of what it meant to remain dependent, and some young men felt so exploited that they compared themselves to slaves. South Carolinian Louis T. 8 Independence also meant freedom from the family and its elaborate kinship networks, specifically the domination of fathers and other male kin.

Young men also learned to defer to their older kinfolk and to be honest in dealings with them. It was important, as one man warned his son, to retain their "good wishes," because kinfolk withdrew their support when young men repeatedly misbehaved. Members of the Dabney family, for instance, ostracized one kinsman who gambled away his fortune and went bankrupt. 35 The young adulthoods of planters' sons typically followed a certain sequence. They graduated from academies in their middle to late teens, attended college for several years, and then returned home, where they studied law or medicine or simply lived with their parents or with a kinsman.

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